What Causes High Diastolic Blood Pressure

What Causes Of High Diastolic Blood PressureThe Heart is the hardest working organ in your body, it is estimated that the average human heart works at a rate of 100,000 beats a day, which is equivalent to 2.5 billion beats over a lifetime of 70 years.

When your heart beats, it pumps blood through the arteries.

Arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body. 

Blood pressure is not a disease, but a medical condition.  It is  a force of blood moving through arteries.  A person is said to have high blood pressure if it measures 140/90 mm Hg or higher.

Blood pressure is usually  measured by two numbers, Systolic and Diastolic

Systolic measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and it contracts and pushes blood through the arteries to the rest of the body.

When the number is 140 or higher, then it is considered to be hypertension.

Diastolic measures  the amount of pressure exerted by the blood when the heart rest and blood flows into the heart. A diastolic pressure is considered to be high when it is 90 or above.

High blood pressure is known as the silent killer; in most cases, the symptoms related to high blood pressure are comparatively rare. However, not having symptoms do not mean that you’re not at risk of having any potentially harmful consequences such as heart attack, stroke or kidney disease and other related problems affecting the blood circulation.

When the symptoms show up, it means that your blood pressure is exceedingly high and it often causes damage to critical organs such as heart, eyes, brain or kidney.

high diastolic blood pressure symptoms

If high diastolic blood pressure  symptoms arise, then it usually comes in the form of headaches, chest pain, muscle tremors, vision problems, heart palpitations, blood in urine, nosebleeds and confusion

What Causes High Diastolic Blood Pressure?

The cause of high diastolic blood pressure is still not very clear. However, there are various possible risk factors that contribute to developing high blood pressure.

These include:


The study found out that excessive intake of salt can raise the fluid level in the bloodstream, this makes the heart work harder and it increases the blood pressure levels.

When you consume excess salt, it increases the amount of sodium in your bloodstream, putting additional stress on your kidney to remove the water from it.  And when your kidney holds excess water, it elevates your blood pressure and puts stress on your kidney, arteries, heart and brain as well. 

Your kidney removes unwanted fluid by filtering your blood through it. And over time, if the extra fluid is not removed then it can lead to kidney failure.

This is because when your kidneys are not able to filter the blood, your body gradually becomes poisoned by its own toxic waste products.

This is the reason why it is important to limit the intake of salt to reduce your blood pressure.


Obesity is another risk factor that contributes to high diastolic blood pressure; when you gain weight, your blood levels increase which causes your heart to pump more blood.

Excess weight can be one of the causes of high diastolic blood pressure because it increases cholesterol levels, leading to strain and hardens the blood vessels and the heart. 


Your heredity is reflected as a risk factor for having high blood pressure since family members normally share the same genes, lifestyle and the environments.

If your high BP is not taken care  of then there is a high chance that the risk factors can be passed on to your children and grandchildren.

No doubt, you can’t control your heredity; however, there is always a way to take steps to live a healthy lifestyle and lower your high BP.

Lack of physical activity or exercise:

People who are not regularly engaging in any physical activity are more likely to develop high blood pressure. Exercise helps to increase the flow of oxygen-rich blood throughout your body.

Some researchers suggest that if people increase their physical activity or exercise then 34% of the hypertension cases could be prevented.

Studies show that regular physical activity or aerobic exercise can help lessen the high BP, even when there is no loss of weight.


There is evidence that show that drinking more than three to four units of alcohol a day elevates the blood pressure.

According to one particular study, it revealed that an alcoholic person has  3 times higher frequency of hypertension than a non-alcoholic person.

If you are a person  who drinks above normal quantities then you need to cut back to moderate drinking to reduce  your blood pressure. 

Final verdict

In order to normalize your blood pressure, you first need to understand how high your blood pressure and how to measure it.

Many people talk about high blood pressure but does nothing about it. The reason could be because-

  • They don’t understand the importance of taking care of their blood pressure.
  • Some people are not ready to make significant lifestyle sacrifices.
  • Many people are not willing to take medication because it is loaded with side-effects.

If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure then you really need to do something about it.


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