How To Test Kidney Disease 

how to test kidney disease

If you have suspected kidney disease, there are numbers of test that can help you identify the level of kidney functioning.

To determine how your kidneys are functioning, a kidney specialist’s or nephrologists may refer a few different test since what one may miss, another test will pick up.

Unfortunately, kidney disease can present with little or no symptoms and that have no complaints.

How To Test Kidney Disease 

Here Are Some Tests to Measure Kidney Function-

24 Hour Urine Test

Urine is a simple lab test that measures what’s in your urine; it requires that the urines be continuously collected for 24 hours.  

This requires urinating into a special plastic container everything you need to void.

Usually, the container is kept in a cool place and then sent to a lab for analysis. This is a test that checks the level of urine for protein.

If you have higher than normal amounts of protein then it’s called proteinuria.  This is often regarded as a sign of kidney damage and disease.

If a person is having more than 150 milligrams per day, then it is called proteinuria.

Self-Testing For Kidney Disease

One of the easiest ways to self-test and monitor your kidney disease is to analysis for protein in the urine. 

Having protein in your urine is basically meant that your kidneys are not filtering your blood well enough.

Protein in the urine can be detected using a paper test strips called Uri Strips. These strips can be found at any local health store or pharmacy.

It is very easy to test, simply hold the Uri strip in a urinary stream and follow the instructions on a package for a color change. 

If there is a change in color then it may indicate that there is protein in the urine. However, if the color of the Uri strip does not change then neither protein nor glucose is present in the urine.

You need to notify your doctor if there is protein is repeatedly present in your urine.

Blood test

Creatinine is a breakdown product of creatine phosphate in muscles and filtered by the kidneys. 

A blood test can help measure a number of a creatinine and determine the kidney function. 

The lower the number, the better the kidneys are performing. 

However, many factors can also influence the creatinine numbers like the person muscle size and medications being taken at the time of the test.

Ultrasound, Cat Scans and MRI’s

Once the blood test is done and if the kidney disease is diagnosed then ultrasound is probably the next step.

By getting a visual picture of the kidneys, your physician determines the size of your kidney and texture. This will help to find out if there are kidney stones present of if it is a sign of chronic kidney disease.

Kidney Biopsy

Kidney biopsy also helps to determine the cause of the kidney. This process involves taking one or more tiny pieces of your kidney using a biopsy needle to help determine a cause of proteinuria or kidney disease.

Heavy Metal Testing

Heavy metal such as lead, cadmium, uranium, mercury, arsenic and others are found to contribute or cause renal damage. Doctors may ask you to get a heavy metal test.

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